Howard University Graduate School

HUGS Research Magazine
and Graduate School Research Archive

INTERVIEW Issue 008

Denyce S. Calloway, Ph.D., Deneen N. Long-White, Ph.D., Howard University; and Dennis E. Corbin, Ph.D., MSW, Fayetteville State University Explore Reducing the Risk of HIV/AIDS in African-American College Students Using a Peer Educator Approach

Deneen N. Long-White, Ph.D.
Deneen N. Long-White, Ph.D.

Denyce S. Calloway, Ph.D., Deneen N. Long-White, Ph.D., Howard University; and Dennis E. Corbin, Ph.D., MSW, Fayetteville State University have explored the impact of a peer-led HIV intervention, based on the health belief model and social cognitive theory of behavior change, on a sample of African-American college students.

Certified peer educators were trained by the researchers to implement the four-module HIV prevention intervention. Pre/post assessments revealed that after the intervention, students were less embarrassed to put a condom on themselves or on their partner, were more likely to use a condom, and ask their sex partner if they had ever been tested for HIV.

It was concluded that peer education, which focuses on susceptibility, severity, benefits, self-efficacy (components of the health belief model), skill building, and peer influence (social cognitive theory) is an effective strategy in reducing HIV risk behaviors among African- American college students.

The online interview that follows with Dr. Denyce Calloway reveals recent data on the incidence of HIV/AIDS locally and nationally, and the impact of peer education in reducing HIV risk behaviors among African-American college students.

Q: What are your recent findings?
Dr. Calloway: About 41 percent of students surveyed, reported engaging in sex without a condom during their lifetime. Approximately 33 percent reported engaging in sex without knowing their partner’s HIV status.

13% - drank alcohol before sex
70% - reported that they know their HIV status
48% -reported being tested for HIV

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